[1]朱允广,王庆.基于均相氧催化反应的锂空气电池研究进展[J].中国材料进展,2017,(10):006-10.[doi:10.7502/j.issn.1674-3962.2017.10.00]
 ZHU Yun Guang,WANG Qing.Research Progress of Lithium Oxygen Batteries based on Redox Catalysis[J].MATERIALS CHINA,2017,(10):006-10.[doi:10.7502/j.issn.1674-3962.2017.10.00]
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基于均相氧催化反应的锂空气电池研究进展()
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中国材料进展[ISSN:1674-3962/CN:61-1473/TG]

卷:
期数:
2017年第10期
页码:
006-10
栏目:
前沿综述
出版日期:
2017-10-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research Progress of Lithium Oxygen Batteries based on Redox Catalysis
作者:
朱允广 王庆
新加坡国立大学
Author(s):
ZHU Yun Guang WANG Qing
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Singapore
关键词:
锂空气电池均相催化剂 氧化还原靶向反应高能量密度高功率密度锂空气氧化还原液流电池
Keywords:
lithium oxygen battery homogeneous catalyst redox targeting reaction high energy density redox flow lithium oxygen battery
DOI:
10.7502/j.issn.1674-3962.2017.10.00
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
由于高的理论能量密度,锂空气电池被看作最有前景的能源存储系统之一。但是,目前仍有许多因素制约着它的发展,比如大的极化电压、差的循环稳定性、电解液以及空气电极的不稳定性等。此前,研究人员重点研究了各种固态电催化剂来解决上述问题。但由于固态催化剂的自身特性,它并不能解决空气电极的表面钝化以及孔隙的堵塞问题,因此人们开始转向均相催化剂。从金属空气电池的结构来看,由于正极的有效空间有限,即使均相催化剂也不能从根本上解决正极的钝化和堵塞问题。因此,我们设计了一种新的锂空气电池装置——氧化还原液流锂空气电池,来彻底解决上述的两个问题。在此文最后,我们将根据目前基础研究和实际应用之间的差距,简要讨论未来锂空气电池的发展。(6号 宋体)
Abstract:
Lithium oxygen battery is considered as one of the most promising energy storage systems due to its high theoretical energy density. However, its development is severely hindered by the large overpotentials and poor cycling stability. Efforts have previously been taken on the development of various types of electrocatalysts to enhance the electrode reactions. However, issues pertaining to surface passivation and pore clogging of the cathode remain. Homogenous catalysis with soluble redox mediators thus comes to the attention. While effective in addressing the surface passivation issue, pore clogging problem remains unsolved due to the limited space in the cathode. Therefore, redox flow lithium oxygen battery was proposed by introducing a gas diffusion tank, which elegantly overcomes these hurdles. Lastly, the gap between present research work and practical applications, as well as future development of lithium oxygen battery is briefly discussed.
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-09-25