[1]竺立强.电解质调控场效应晶体管及其人造突触器件应用[J].中国材料进展,2017,(10):036-40.[doi:10.7502/j.issn.1674-3962.2017.10.00]
 ZHU Liqiang.Electrolyte Gated Field-Effect Transistors and Artificial Synaptic Device Applications[J].MATERIALS CHINA,2017,(10):036-40.[doi:10.7502/j.issn.1674-3962.2017.10.00]
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电解质调控场效应晶体管及其人造突触器件应用()
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中国材料进展[ISSN:1674-3962/CN:61-1473/TG]

卷:
期数:
2017年第10期
页码:
036-40
栏目:
前沿综述
出版日期:
2017-10-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Electrolyte Gated Field-Effect Transistors and Artificial Synaptic Device Applications
作者:
竺立强
1浙江省石墨烯应用研究重点实验室,中国科学院宁波材料技术与工程研究所, 宁波 315201 2 中国科学院大学,北京100049
Author(s):
ZHU Liqiang
1 Key Laboratory of Graphene Technologies and Applications of Zhejiang Province, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201, China 2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
关键词:
场效应晶体管电解质调控双电层效应固态电解质突触晶体管突触响应
Keywords:
field-effect transistors electrolyte modulation electric-double-layer effects solid-state electrolytes synaptic transistors synaptic responses
DOI:
10.7502/j.issn.1674-3962.2017.10.00
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
类脑神经形态工程近年来正在成为信息领域的一个研究热点,将成为今后人工智能发展的有力补充和增长点,促进微电子技术的发展。人脑中有~1011个神经元和~1015个突触连接,突触结构是神经元间发生信息传递的关键部位,是人脑认知行为的基本单元,得益于超大量的并行突触计算,人脑的计算模式非常可靠,因此研制人造突触器件对于神经形态工程而言具有重要的意义。目前,国际上有关人造突触器件的研究才刚刚起步,最新研究成果不断涌现,正在成为人工智能和神经形态领域的一个重要分支,将为今后人工智能的发展注入新的活力。离子导体电解质具有独特的离子/电子界面耦合特性,其在静电调控器件中有着独特的应用价值,为揭示凝聚态物质的新规律提供了新的途径,并且由于独特的界面离子耦合特性及相关的界面电化学过程,其在人造突触器件和神经形态系统方面有着极强的应用前景。
Abstract:
Brain-inspired neuromorphic engineering is becoming a hot topic in the field of information technology. It will be a strong supplement and growth point for artificial intelligence in the near future. And it will promote the development of microelectronics technology. Our brain has ~1011 neurons and ~1015 synapses. Synapses are the connections between neurons where signals will be transmitted. They are the basic units for cognitive behaviors. With a big amount of parallel synaptic computations, brain computation is very powerful and reliable. Thus, designing artificial synapses that could emulate essential synaptic plasticities is of great importance for hardware implementation of neuromorphic engineering. Presently, the studies of artificial synapse devices just started around the world. New research results continue to emerge. It is becoming an important branch of artificial intelligence and neuromorphic engineering and it will inject new vitality into the developments of artificial intelligences in the future. Ionic-conducting electrolytes possess unique interfacial ionic/electronic coupling effects. They have potential applications in the electrostatic modulation devices. Such devices provide new solutions for revealing new physics of condensed matter. Especially, such devices have strong potential applications in brain-inspired artificial synapse devices and neuromorphic systems because of the unique interfacial ionic coupling and the related interfacial electrochemical processes.
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-09-26