[1]滕砺宽,刘永盛,吕伟,等.能源环境用富氮共轭微孔聚合物材料研究进展[J].中国材料进展,2021,40(09):001-14.
 TENG Likuan,LIU Yongsheng,LYU Wei,et al.Research Progress in Preparation of Nitrogen-rich Conjugated Microporous polymers for Energy and Environmental Applications[J].MATERIALS CHINA,2021,40(09):001-14.
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能源环境用富氮共轭微孔聚合物材料研究进展()
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中国材料进展[ISSN:1674-3962/CN:61-1473/TG]

卷:
40
期数:
2021年第09期
页码:
001-14
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-09-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research Progress in Preparation of Nitrogen-rich Conjugated Microporous polymers for Energy and Environmental Applications
作者:
滕砺宽刘永盛吕伟廖耀祖
(东华大学材料科学与工程学院 纤维材料改性国家重点实验室,上海201620)
Author(s):
TENG Likuan LIU Yongsheng LYU Wei LIAO Yaozu
(State Key Laboratory for Modification of Fibers and Polymer Materials, College of Material Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China)
关键词:
有机多孔材料富氮共轭微孔聚合物制备方法能源存储与转化污染物吸附分离
Keywords:
Organic porous materials nitrogen-rich conjugated microporous polymers preparation energy storage and conversion adsorption and separation of pollutants
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
共轭微孔聚合物是一类由刚性芳香结构单元组成、自具微孔结构、具有三维网络骨架的有机多孔材料,具有稳定的多孔性和半导体特征,在电化学和热能存储、氢能转化、二氧化碳捕获和存储、污染物吸附和分离纯化等能源环境领域取得了重要应用。其中,富氮共轭微孔聚合物因富含极性氮原子,具有额外的吸附活性位点和电子,拥有独特的氧化还原电化学活性和一定的润湿性,显现出独特的应用优势。本文系统概述了富氮共轭微孔聚合物的制备及其在能源环境领域应用研究进展,分析了各种制备方法的优缺点以及在应用方面存在的主要问题。指出了富氮共轭微孔聚合物材料未来的发展方向:开发绿色、廉价合成新方法以及相关高性能膜或块体材料的制备新路径等。
Abstract:
Conjugated microporous polymers (CMPs) are a class of porous polymers with a three-dimensional network skeleton and microporous structure, which consist of rigid aromatic structural units. Owing to their characteristics of stable porosity and semiconductor, they have shown significant potentials in the applications of energy and environmental areas such as electrochemical and thermal energy storage, hydrogen energy conversion, the capture and storage of CO2, and the adsorption, separation and purification of pollutants. Among these CMPs, nitrogen-rich conjugated microporous polymers (NCMPs) possess extra adsorption active sites and electrons and therefore show the unique redox electrochemical activity and wettability because of their plentiful polar N atoms, endowing NCMPs with excellent performance in energy and environmental applications. In this review, the research progress in preparation of NCMPs for energy and environmental applications is summarized. The merits and demerits of these preparation methods are analyzed. The main problems existing in the preparation methods and their applications are summarized. The future development directions including developing new, green and cost-efficient synthetic method and new routes of high-performance membrane and bulk materials of NCMPs are finally proposed.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(52073046,51873036,51673039);教育部长江学者奖励计划青年项目(Q2019152);上海市曙光人才计划(19SG28);上海市自然科学基金(19D3859);中央高校基本科研业务资助项目(2232019A3-01,2232020D-08) 第一作者:滕砺宽,男,1998年生,硕士研究生;刘永盛,男,1998年生,硕士研究生通讯作者:吕伟,女,1989年生,讲师,Email: wlyu@dhu.edu.cn;廖耀祖,男,1982年生,研究员,博士生导师,Email: yzliao@dhu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-08-31