Bandgap tuning of two-dimensional materials by sphere diameter engineering

Mengqi Zeng, Jinxin Liu, Lu Zhou, Rafael G. Mendes, Yongqi Dong, Min-Ye Zhang, Zhi-Hao Cui, Zhonghou Cai, Zhan Zhang, Daming Zhu, Tieying Yang, Xiaolong Li, Jianqiang Wang, Liang Zhao, Guoxian Chen, Hong Jiang, Mark H. Rümmeli, Hua Zhou & Lei Fu


Developing a precise and reproducible bandgap tuning method that enables tailored design of materials is of crucial importance for optoelectronic devices. Towards this end, we report a sphere diameter engineering (SDE) technique to manipulate the bandgap of two-dimensional (2D) materials. A one-to-one correspondence with an ideal linear working curve is established between the bandgap of MoS2 and the sphere diameter in a continuous range as large as 360?meV. Fully uniform bandgap tuning of all the as-grown MoS2 crystals is realized due to the isotropic characteristic of the sphere. More intriguingly, both a decrease and an increase of the bandgap can be achieved by constructing a positive or negative curvature. By fusing individual spheres in the melted state, post-synthesis bandgap adjustment of the supported 2D materials can be realized. This SDE technique, showing good precision, uniformity and reproducibility with high efficiency, may further accelerate the potential applications of 2D materials.

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